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bild
bild

Olof the Black of Isle of Man

Kung på Isle of Man, England 1226-1237.

Far:
 
Mor:
 
Född:
 
1173 England, Isle of Man 1)
Död:
 
1237-05-21 England, Isle of Man, Peel 1)
Bar

Vigsel:
 
1215 2)
Skilsmässa:
 
1220 2)
Barn:
1. Ragnvald of Isle of Man (1195 - 1249), kung på Isle of Man, England 1249.
2. Magnus of Isle of Man (1200 - 1265), den siste norske kungen på Isle of Man, England 1252-1265.
3. Godred of Isle of Man (1220 - 1237).
Bar

Vigsel:
 
1223 3)
Barn:
4. Harold of Isle of Man (1223 - 1248), kung och riddare på Isle of Man, England 1237-1248.
6. Afreca of Isle of Man (1230 - 1310), amiralska och baronessa i Montacute, Somerset, England
Bar
Noteringar
Noteringar
Godred during his life had appointed Olave to succeed to the kingdom, for the inheritance belonged to him by right, because he was born of lawful wedlock; and had commanded all the people of Man to appoint Olave king after his own death, and preserve inviolate their oath of allegiance. How ever, after the death of Godred, the Manxmen sent their messengers to the Isles for Reginald, and made him king, because he was a man of energy and of riper age. For they dreaded the weakness of Olave, for he was but a boy ten years old, and they considered that a person, who on account of his tender age, knew not how to direct himself, would be wholly incapable of governing his subjects. This was the reason why the people of Man appointed Reginald king. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Know you not that you lived long with the cousin of her whom you now have as your wife ? Olave did not deny the truth of what had been said, and acknowledged that he had long kept her cousin as a concubine. A synod therefore was assembled, and in it bishop Reginald canonically separated Olave the son of Godred and Lauon his wife. Afterwards, Olave married Christina, daughter of Fenquhard, Earl of Ross. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

In the year 1187, on the 10th of November, Godred, King of the Isles, died in the Island of St. Patrick, in Man. In the beginning of the following summer his body was removed to the Island called lona (ett kloster på inre Hebriderna). He left three sons, Reginald, Olave, and Ivar. Reginald, then a full grown young man, was absent in the Isles. Olave, yet a very young boy, resided in Man. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys)

Olof var även gift med Christina, dr till Ferguard, jarl av Ross, Skottland, hon var hans tredje hustru. Young menar att äktenskapet med Cristina av Ross stod 1223 eller kort tidigare. (Fra Skanke-slektens historie, G.V.C. Young, 1986)

Olaf (Svarte) and Godred (son of Reginald) arrived 1230 together in the Norwegian fleet, and immediately divided the kingdom between them-selves. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys, notes 37)

Olof II Gudrödsson anses vara den förste kände, som förde det egendomliga och sällsynta vapnet med sina tre springande ben. Vapnet finns avbildat på Isle of Mans statssvärd, som traditionellt tillskrives Olof. Detta fordrar en datering till omkring 1230. Experter från Brittish Museum har daterat svärdet till omkring 1250. (Jämten 1969, C. R. Carlsson)

Olaf II of the Isle of Man, also known as Olaf the Black, was King of the Isle of Man from 1229-1237. Olaf was the son of Godred V and Findguala from Ireland, and the half-brother of his predecessor, Ragnald. His younger brother Ragnald IV usurped his succession to the throne and it was only after years of campaigning against his brother's rule that Olaf killed him and took the throne in the year 1229. On the other hand, sources maintain that Findguala was his father's third and last wife, which would presumably make Olav as the younger brother. He however was the intended successor by his father. Olaf was driven out of Man by Alan, Lord of Galloway and forced to flee to Norway for assistance. In early 1230 Olaf and his nephew, Godred Donn, sailed from Norway in a fleet commanded by Gilla Esbuig mac Dubgaill. The fleet of 12 ships was strengthened by 20 more as the fleet stopped at Orkney on its way to the west coast of Scotland. According to saga accounts the fleet had grown to about 80 ships and over 3000 men by the time it entered the Firth of Clyde in around June. The force invaded the Isle of Bute and captured Rothesay Castle which was held by the powerful Stewart dynasty. The sagas tell of how the Norwegian force hewed the wall with their axes, because it was soft. Gilla Esbuig, who was severly wounded in the siege of Rothesay Castle, soon died and was buried in Iona. It was after the death of Gilla Esbuig mac Dubgaill that Olaf took command of the fleet and by Autumn had took control of Man with ease. Olaf died in the year 1237 at Peel Castle. He was succeeded by his son, who became Harald I of the Isle of Man. Later, Olaf's younger son became king Magnus II. (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Reginald (IV) gave his brother Olave (II, the Black) a certain island called Lewis, which is said to be more extensive than the other islands, but thinly peopled, because it is mountainous and rocky, and almost totally unfit for cultivation. The inhabitants live mostly by hunting and fishing. Olave took possession of this island and dwelt there; living, how ever, very scantily. Finding that the island could not support himself and his followers, he went frankly to his brother Reginald, who was then residing in the Isles, and spoke to him as follows: You know, my brother and king, that the kingdom of the Isles was mine by hereditary right, but as the Lord chose you for its governor, I do not grudge it you, nor am I discontented because you have been raised to the supreme dignity of king. I now therefore beg that you will allot me hand somewhere in the Isles sufficient for my own decent maintenance and that of my followers, for the island of Lewis which you gave me is unequal to my support. When Reginald had heard this, he promised to take advice on the subject, and return an answer to the petition next day. When next day had dawned, and Olave had conic by summons, to speak with the king, Reginald ordered him to be seized, bound, and carried in chains to William, King of Scotland, to be kept prisoner by that Sovereign. This order was executed, and Olave remained prisoner with the King of Scotland nearly seven years. In the seventh year, William, king of Scotland, died, and was succeeded by his son Alexander. Before his death, however, William gave directions for the liberation of all who were confined in his prisons. Olave then, having his chains removed, and being restored to liberty, went to Man to his brother Reginald, and shortly afterwards set out with a considerable attendance of men of rank for the shrine of St. James. Returning from the pilgrimage, he again visited his brother Reginald, by whom he was received in a friendly manner. At that time Reginald caused his brother Olave to marry Lanon' the daughter of a certain man of rank of Kintyre, sister to his own wife, and gave him the afore said island of Lewis, whether Olave, taking leave of his brother, went with his wife, amid dwelt there. (Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys).
 
Källor
Chronicle of Man and the Sudreys, P. A. Munch
Beräkning
Fra Skanke-slektens historie, G.V.C. Young
Bar
© Layout, innehåll och bilder: Björn Espell, Frösön, Sweden.
Uppdaterad 2011-11-25.